The H1B visa is a nonimmigrant work visa that allows U.S. employers to petition for highly educated foreign professionals to work in specialty occupations that require at least a bachelor’s degree or the equivalent.
Companies use H-1B visas to hire foreign workers for a variety of reasons, including:
- To fill skills shortages: Many companies are struggling to find qualified workers to fill open positions. H-1B visas allow them to hire workers from abroad who have the skills and experience they need.
- To reduce costs: H-1B visa holders are often paid lower wages than U.S. citizens. This can save companies money on labor costs.
- To access global talent: H-1B visas allow companies to hire workers from all over the world. This gives them access to a wider pool of talent and can help them to stay competitive in the global market.
- To bring in new ideas and perspectives: H-1B visa holders often bring new ideas and perspectives to companies. This can help companies to innovate and grow.
Here are some of the benefits of using H-1B visas:
- Access to a wider pool of talent: H-1B visas allow companies to hire workers from all over the world. This can help them to find the best talent for their needs, even if they are not available locally.
- Reduced costs: H-1B visa holders are often paid lower wages than U.S. citizens. This can save companies money on labor costs.
- Increased innovation: H-1B visa holders often bring new ideas and perspectives to companies. This can help companies to innovate and grow.
- Improved global competitiveness: H-1B visas can help companies to stay competitive in the global market by allowing them to hire the best talent from around the world.
Here are some of the challenges of using H-1B visas:
- The application process can be lengthy and complex. Companies must go through a lengthy and complex application process to sponsor H-1B visas. This can be time-consuming and costly.
- The visa holders may be subject to certain restrictions. H-1B visa holders are subject to certain restrictions, such as the requirement to work for the sponsoring company for a certain period of time.
- There is a limited number of H-1B visas available each year. The number of H-1B visas available each year is limited. This can make it difficult for companies to hire the talent they need.
- The program is controversial. The H-1B visa program is controversial. Some argue that it is necessary to meet the needs of businesses, while others argue that it leads to the exploitation of foreign workers.
Overall, H-1B visas can be a valuable tool for companies that are looking to fill skills shortages, reduce costs, and access global talent. However, companies should be aware of the challenges associated with using these visas before making a decision.
Here are the top 20 H1B sponsors, along with the number of H1Bs they sponsored in the last 5 years (2018-2023)
- Amazon: 10,470
Amazon is an American multinational technology company focusing on e-commerce, cloud computing, digital streaming, and artificial intelligence. It was founded in 1994 by Jeff Bezos and originally focused on selling books online. The company has since diversified into a wide range of products and services, including electronic devices, apparel, furniture, food, toys, and home goods. Amazon also offers cloud computing services through its Amazon Web Services (AWS) subsidiary and digital streaming services through its Prime Video and Prime Music subsidiaries. In 2022, Amazon was the world’s largest online marketplace, the largest employer in the United States, and the world’s most valuable brand.
Amazon’s business model is based on e-commerce, which means that it sells products and services directly to consumers through its website and mobile app. The company also offers a variety of subscription services, such as Amazon Prime, which provides free two-day shipping on millions of items, as well as access to streaming video and music. Amazon also generates revenue from its cloud computing services, which are used by businesses of all sizes to store and manage data, run applications, and develop new products and services.
2. Cognizant Technology Solutions US Corp: 9,784
Cognizant Technology Solutions is an American multinational information technology services and consulting company. Headquartered in Teaneck, New Jersey, the company is part of the NASDAQ-100 and S&P 500 stock exchanges. Cognizant primarily provides consulting, IT infrastructure services, and business process outsourcing services to its clients in North America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific.
A 2021 report from the International Data Corporation (IDC) ranked Cognizant as the fifth-largest IT services provider in the world, with a total revenue of $25.4 billion in 2020. The company has over 335,000 employees worldwide and delivers services to over 70% of the Fortune 500.
Cognizant’s clients include 19 of the 25 largest global banks, 9 of the 10 largest healthcare payers, 7 of the 10 largest retailers, 5 of the 10 largest technology companies, and 3 of the 5 largest airlines. The company has been recognized for its innovation and leadership in the IT industry, and has been awarded numerous awards, including the InformationWeek 500 award and the Computerworld 100 award.
3. Ernst & Young US LLP: 9,525
Ernst & Young US LLP, commonly known as EY, is a multinational professional services network that provides assurance, tax, transaction, and advisory services to companies, governments, and individuals. EY is one of the Big Four accounting firms, along with Deloitte, KPMG, and PwC. EY has over 312,250 employees in over 700 offices in more than 150 countries.
EY’s assurance services help companies to improve their financial reporting and internal controls. EY’s tax services help companies to comply with tax laws and minimize their tax liabilities. EY’s transaction services help companies to plan, execute, and integrate mergers, acquisitions, and divestitures. EY’s advisory services help companies to improve their performance and manage their risks.
4. Google LLC: 8,294
Google LLC is a multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, a search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. It is considered one of the Big Five technology companies in the U.S. information technology industry, along with Amazon, Apple, Meta (Facebook), and Microsoft. Google was founded in September 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University in California. Together they own about 14% of its publicly-listed shares and control 56% of the stockholder voting power through supervoting stock. The company went public via an initial public offering (IPO) in 2004. In 2015, Google was reorganized as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Alphabet Inc. Google is Alphabet’s largest subsidiary and is a holding company for Alphabet’s Internet properties and interests. Sundar Pichai was appointed CEO of Google on August 10, 2015, replacing Larry Page, who became CEO of Alphabet. Google is best known for its search engine, Google Search, which is the most widely used search engine in the world. Google’s mission statement is “to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful.”
5. Tata Consultancy Services Ltd: 7,996
Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS) is an Indian multinational information technology (IT) services and consulting company headquartered in Mumbai. It is a part of the Tata Group, India’s largest multinational business group, and operates in 150 locations across 46 countries. In September 2023, it was reported that TCS had over 616,000 employees worldwide. TCS is the second-largest Indian company by market capitalization and is among the most valuable IT service brands worldwide. As of June 2023, it was the world’s second-largest user of U.S. H-1B visas.
TCS was founded in 1968 by a group of engineers from Tata Group. The company began by providing IT services to Tata Group companies, but it quickly expanded its client base to include other Indian and multinational companies. TCS has grown rapidly in recent years, and it is now one of the world’s largest IT services companies.
TCS provides a wide range of IT services, including consulting, application development, infrastructure management, and business process outsourcing. The company has a strong presence in the banking, financial services, and insurance (BFSI) sector, as well as in the retail, healthcare, and manufacturing industries.
6. Infosys Limited: 7,952
Infosys Limited is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology, and outsourcing services. The company has its headquarters in Bangalore, India, and is a listed company on the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). As of March 31, 2023, Infosys had over 331,000 employees and a consolidated revenue of ₹135,880 crore (US$17.2 billion).
Infosys was founded in 1981 by N. R. Narayana Murthy, along with six other engineers. The company initially focused on providing software development services to Indian clients, but it soon expanded its reach to international markets. In the 1990s, Infosys became one of the first Indian IT companies to go global, and it has since become one of the world’s leading IT services providers.
Infosys’s services span a wide range of industries, including banking, financial services, insurance, healthcare, manufacturing, retail, and telecommunications. The company offers a variety of services, including consulting, application development, infrastructure management, and outsourcing. Infosys has a strong track record of success, and it has been recognized by numerous awards and publications. For example, Infosys has been named one of the “World’s Most Admired Companies” by Fortune magazine for 12 consecutive years.
7. Accenture Inc.: 7,797
Accenture Inc. is a global professional services company that provides a broad range of services and solutions in strategy, consulting, digital, technology and operations. They help clients across more than 120 countries achieve their business goals and deliver long-term value. Their services and solutions are tailored to meet the specific needs of their clients, and they are committed to delivering results that exceed expectations. Accenture is a Fortune Global 500 company with over 624,000 employees worldwide.
8. Deloitte Consulting LLP: 7,304
Deloitte Consulting LLP is a management consulting firm that provides a wide range of services to businesses of all sizes, including strategy, operations, technology, and human capital. The firm has a global presence with offices in over 150 countries and serves clients in a variety of industries, including financial services, healthcare, technology, and manufacturing. Deloitte Consulting is known for its innovative and client-centric approach, and its team of consultants has a deep understanding of the business challenges that companies face today. The firm is also a leader in the use of technology, and it leverages its digital capabilities to help clients transform their businesses.
Deloitte Consulting has a long history of providing exceptional service to its clients. The firm was founded in 1996, and it has since grown to become one of the largest and most respected management consulting firms in the world. Deloitte Consulting has a strong track record of success, and its clients have consistently praised the firm for its high quality of service, its deep industry expertise.
9. Hewlett Packard Enterprise: 7,255
Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) is an American multinational information technology company based in Spring, Texas, United States. It was founded in 2015 as part of the split of the Hewlett-Packard company. HPE is a business-focused organization that develops, manufactures, and sells hardware and software products and services to customers around the world. Its products and services are used by businesses of all sizes, including Fortune 500 companies, governments, and educational institutions.
HPE’s product portfolio includes servers, storage, networking, and software. Its services portfolio includes consulting, support, and training. The company has a global presence with operations in over 160 countries. HPE’s customers include many of the world’s largest and most innovative companies. HPE is committed to helping its customers succeed by providing them with the products, services, and support they need to thrive in an increasingly digital world.
10. Capgemini America, Inc.: 7,166
Capgemini America, Inc. is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Capgemini SE, a French information technology (IT) consulting and professional services company headquartered in Levallois-Perret, France. Capgemini America is a global leader in consulting, technology and digital transformation, providing a broad range of services to help organizations of all sizes accelerate the pace of change.
Capgemini America has over 50,000 employees in North America and operates in over 20 cities across the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The company provides a wide range of services, including:
- Consulting: Capgemini America helps organizations of all sizes develop and implement strategies, processes, and technologies to achieve their business goals.
- Technology: Capgemini America provides a wide range of technology solutions, including cloud computing, infrastructure, and applications.
- Digital transformation: Capgemini America helps organizations of all sizes transform their businesses for the digital age.
- Outsourcing: Capgemini America provides a wide range of outsourcing services, including IT outsourcing, business process outsourcing, and application development and maintenance.
11. Mahindra Satyam Computer Services Ltd.: 6,831
Mahindra Satyam Computer Services Ltd. was an Indian information technology (IT) services company based in Hyderabad, India. It offered a wide range of services, including software development, system maintenance, packaged software integration, and engineering design services. Mahindra Satyam was founded in 1987 and was one of India’s five top IT companies. It had a global presence with offices in over 20 countries and employed over 52,000 people.
In 2009, Mahindra Satyam was acquired by Tech Mahindra, another Indian IT company. The acquisition was seen as a way to strengthen Tech Mahindra’s position in the IT industry and to expand its global reach. Mahindra Satyam was rebranded as Tech Mahindra Satyam and continued to operate as a separate entity for some time. However, the two companies were eventually merged in 2013.
12. IBM Corporation: 6,761
International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), nicknamed Big Blue, is an American multinational technology corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, with operations in over 175 countries. It specializes in computer hardware, middleware, and software, and provides hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. IBM is the largest industrial research organization in the world, with 19 research facilities across a dozen countries, and held the record for most annual U.S. patents generated by a business for 29 consecutive years from 1993 to 2021.
13. Wipro Limited: 6,562
Wipro Limited is a leading global information technology, consulting, and business process services company. Headquartered in Bengaluru, India, Wipro delivers technology solutions and services to enterprises across six continents. Established in 1981, Wipro has a comprehensive portfolio of capabilities across consulting, design, engineering, operations, and emerging technologies to help clients realize their boldest ambitions and build future-ready, sustainable businesses.
Wipro’s mission is to “Build a better future for everyone” through technology solutions that empower organizations and individuals. The company’s vision is to be “the world’s most respected digital transformation partner, helping our clients achieve success in a world that is increasingly digital and connected.”
14. HCL Technologies Ltd.: 6,412
HCL Technologies Ltd. is a leading Indian multinational information technology (IT) services and consulting company headquartered in Noida, India. It is a subsidiary of HCL Enterprise, and it offers a wide range of IT services, including software development, infrastructure management, business process outsourcing, and digital transformation. HCL Technologies has a global presence with offices in over 50 countries and employs over 200,000 people.
Founded in 1976, HCL Technologies is one of India’s largest IT companies and has been recognized as one of the world’s most admired companies by Fortune magazine for several years. The company is a leader in innovation and has been granted numerous patents for its technology solutions. HCL Technologies is also a strong advocate for sustainability and has been included in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index for over 10 years.
15. ICICI Bank USA: 6,344
ICICI Bank USA, also known as ICICI Bank Limited, New York Branch, is a wholesale bank that provides a range of financial services to corporate and institutional clients in the United States. It is a subsidiary of ICICI Bank Limited, India’s largest private-sector bank. ICICI Bank USA has been operating in the United States since 1999 and has a strong presence in New York, California, and Texas.
16. University of Texas System: 6,284
The University of Texas System (UT System) is the largest university system in the United States by enrollment, with over 240,000 students across 13 universities and six health institutions. The UT System is governed by the University of Texas System Board of Regents, a nine-member body appointed by the Governor of Texas. The UT System’s mission is to “provide Texans with access to world-class higher education and health care.” The UT System’s values are:
- Excellence: The UT System is committed to providing its students, faculty, and staff with the highest quality of education, research, and healthcare.
- Access: The UT System is committed to providing access to affordable, quality education for all Texans, regardless of their background or financial circumstances.
- Innovation: The UT System is committed to innovation and is constantly seeking new ways to improve its services and programs.
- Service: The UT System is committed to serving the people of Texas and is actively engaged in a variety of outreach and community service programs.
- Stewardship: The UT System is committed to being a responsible steward of its resources and is committed to using its resources wisely to support its mission.
17. Philip Morris USA: 6,254
Philip Morris USA is a subsidiary of Altria Group, Inc., one of the world’s largest tobacco companies. Philip Morris USA is the leading manufacturer of cigarettes in the United States, with a portfolio of brands that includes Marlboro, Parliament, Virginia Slims, and L&M. The company also produces other tobacco products, such as smokeless tobacco and cigars. Philip Morris USA has been in business for over 175 years and employs over 8,000 people in the United States.
The company’s mission is to “deliver a smoke-free future” by developing and introducing smoke-free products that are a better choice than cigarette smoking. Philip Morris USA is committed to responsible marketing and product stewardship, and the company has a strong track record of innovation.
18. University of Southern California: 6,170
The University of Southern California (USC, SC, Southern Cal, or SoCal) is a private research university in Los Angeles, California. Founded in 1880 by Robert Maclay Widney, it is the oldest private research university in California. The university is composed of one liberal arts school, the Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, and 22 undergraduate, graduate, and professional schools, enrolling roughly 21,000 undergraduate and 28,500 post-graduate students from all fifty U.S. states and more than 115 countries. It is a member of the Association of American Universities, which it joined in 1969.
19. New York University: 6,136
New York University (NYU) is a private research university in New York City. Founded in 1831, it is the largest private university in the United States by enrollment. NYU is composed of 16 schools and colleges, and it offers over 2,600 courses in over 70 academic departments. The university has a strong tradition of academic excellence and innovation, and it is home to over 6,000 faculty members, including Nobel laureates, MacArthur Fellows, and Pulitzer Prize winners.
NYU is also a major economic engine for the city of New York. The university employs over 35,000 people and generates over $14 billion in economic activity each year. NYU is also a major contributor to the city’s cultural life, and its museums, theaters, and concert halls are popular attractions for both locals and tourists.
20. Texas A&M University System: 6,069
The Texas A&M University System is one of the largest systems of higher education in the United States, with a budget of over $6.3 billion. Through a statewide network of 11 universities, eight state agencies, and the RELLIS Campus, the Texas A&M System educates over 153,000 students and makes more than 22 million additional educational contacts through service and outreach programs each year. System-wide, research and development expenditures exceeded $996 million in FY 2017 and helped drive the state’s economy.