Ruby is a dynamic, high-level, general-purpose programming language known for its elegance, readability, and focus on developer productivity. Created by Yukihiro Matsumoto in Japan, it’s known for its:

  • Simplicity and Readability: Often described as having a clear and concise syntax, making it easier to learn and write compared to some other languages.
  • Object-Oriented Design: Everything in Ruby is an object, including primitive data types, promoting a well-structured and organized approach to programming.
  • Dynamic Typing: The data type of a variable is determined at runtime, offering flexibility but requiring careful code management.
  • Large and Active Community: Ruby boasts a vibrant community that provides extensive libraries and frameworks, like Rails for web development.
  • Wide Range of Applications: Used for various purposes, including web development (especially with Rails), data analysis, automation scripting, and even game development.