JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight, human-readable data interchange format widely used for transmitting data between applications. It’s based on a subset of JavaScript object literal syntax, making it easy for both humans and machines to understand and process. Here’s a breakdown of its key characteristics and benefits:

Key Characteristics:

  • Human-readable: JSON data resembles JavaScript object literals, making it easy for humans to read and understand the structure and content of the data.
  • Lightweight: Compared to other data formats like XML, JSON is more concise and efficient, reducing the amount of data transmitted.
  • Language-independent: While it shares similarities with JavaScript syntax, JSON is not specific to JavaScript and can be used with any programming language that has libraries for parsing and generating JSON data.
  • Data structure: Represents data in key-value pairs, similar to dictionaries in Python or associative arrays in other languages. This structure allows for organizing data hierarchically and enables easy access to specific values.